Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is an important food crop both for urban and rural
consumers in Sub-Saharan Africa. Cassava is
a basic staple food in Nigeria, Mozambique,
Zambia, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC),
Ghana, Malawi, and Tanzania. Recently,
cassava has increasingly gained importance as a cash crop for smallholder farmers in the
region. Africa is the largest cassava
producing region in the world. About 93
percent of the produce is consumed as food
(in contrast to Latin America and Asia where
less than half is utilised for food consumption). Millions of African farmers grow
cassava mainly for home consumption and the
local markets. The competitiveness of African
cassava manufactured products at the world
market is low because the crop is produced
and processed for subsistence and not for commercial use. Public sector efforts to
commercialise cassava have also not been
effective.

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